According to the size of the vineyards, the Argentina wine country is among the top 10 in the world. But the quality has also changed a lot in recent years so that these wines enrich the international market very much.
70% of the wines produced in Argentina wine country are red, the majority of which is Malbec. This grape variety came to Argentina from France as early as 1850 and produces heavy, sometimes massive wines with fruity leathery aromas in the warm climate of the Andean foothills. So, it is not surprising that Malbec is the export wine par excellence. However, Torrontés grape variety also found perfect conditions in the Salta wine region, where it develops strong flavors and gives to wines aromatic, sweet but yet dry floral aromas.
Argentinian Wine Regions
…. Where Vines Grows at the Foothills of the Andes
Over 95% of the vines grow at the foot of the Andes. The soil consists of eroded Andean rubble and is rich in minerals. The climate is characterized by high daytime and cool night-time temperatures. Artificially irrigation is also required. One of the most important Argentinian wine regions is Mendoza, which is located around the metropolis that carries the same name. A special hot spot in Mendoza is Tupungato, located high in the Andes. This is where the best Pinot Noirs and Chardonnays in the country come from.
The second major growing area, San Juan, is located 200 km north of Mendoza. Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Bonarda are growing here increasingly. Bonarda was introduced by Italian immigrants 199 years ago.
There are around 2000 wineries accross different Argentinian wine regions, many of which are open for visitors and offer wine tourism experiences. Wine Tourism in Argentina combines vineyard and winery tours, wine tastings as well as accommodation.