The champagne wine region is one of the most prestigious not only in France but also in the world. Renowned in the world, it has become a reference in sparkling wine. The Champagne wine region is situated in the North-East of France and it is a large agricultural and industrial area. The territory is famous for its sparkling wines, which took the name from the region. In Champagne wine land, they produce different, unique bubbles, which is a result of their exceptional conditions of the region and the winemaking method that is known as the “Champagne method”. This is what makes it the world’s prominent sparkling wine.
From the renowned Champagne houses to the independent winegrowers discover ones of the most beautiful wine cellars of France. Enjoy unforgettable experiences, tasting wines from these emblematic three grape varieties Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
Discover Wine-Producing Districts of Champagne
There is only one AOC(Appellation d’origine Contrôlée) in the Champagne region. However, the territory is divided into next sub-regions, which are known as wine-producing districts and each of them has distinct characteristics.
The main wine-producing districts of Champagne wine region:
Côte des Blancs
Côtes des Bar(Aube)
Côtes de Sezzane
Don’t miss a chance to experience the art of opening a bottle of champagne with the sabring method atPol Couronne winery!
Extended from north-west of Reims to Epernay, the Montagne de Reims wine region is very qualitative.
It owns numerous Champagne Grands Crus and Premiers Crus. Vineyards are planted on limestone-clay and chalk soils the vines form an arc of a circle around the city of Reims. Situated in the heart of a natural park, the Montagne de Reims is the ideal place to enjoy a glass of wine Champagne. The 9.000 hectares of vines benefit from a diversity of terroirs which contributes to the specificity of these wines.
The main grape varieties:
Marne Valley Wine Disitrict
Going along the Marne river, the Marne Valley stretches from Epernay in the east to Montreuil-Aux-Lions in the west.This region, of 8.000 hectares of vines, produces mainly the sparkling wine Champagne “blanc de noirs”.
Historically, the Marne Valley is the cradle of the creation of Champagne. According to a myth, Dom Pérignon would have given birth to the famous French sparkling wine Champagne in the abbey of the village Hautvillers in the 17th century.
Soil types in Marnee Valley wine distirict:
Marl, clay and diverse limestone soils.
Côte des Blancs Wine District
Located in the south of Epernay, Côte des Blancs wine region expends 20 km with 3300 hectares. The region includes twelve villages whose 6 are classified as Grand Cru.
Thanks to the hillsides east orientation, the west wind protects the vineyard. Côte de Blancs is special because it benefits from the oceanic climate as well as continental. So it gets a lot of sunshine and the perfect temperature for the development of Chardonnay. The soil is mainly composed of limestone.
The main grape variety is the Chardonnay which represents 95 % of the total wine region.
Côtes des Bar(Aube) Wine District
Côtes des Bar is located in Aube department, and its forms an arc to the south of Troyes of 70 km.
The vineyard benefits from ocean climate and semi-continental. Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, and Chardonnay are planted in different soils marl, limestone, and clay. The region comprises 62 regions. Out of the 8000 hectares, 800 hectares are located in Les Riceys. This area owns the three appellations: Champagne, Coteaux Champenois and Rosé des Riceys produce from Pinot Noir grape variety.
Côtes de Sezzane Wine District
Côtes de Sezzane is located on south of Vallée de la Marne, Champagne, and Côte des Blancs. In fact, it is a continuation of Côte des Blancs, also dominated with Chardonnay grape variety.
Here vineyards are planted on chalk, limestone and Sparnac clay soils, and they benefit from the south-east sun exposure together with a humid oceanic climate. These create conditions for the grapes to produce softer and more round wines.
Wineries You Can Visit in Champagne
Explore different wine districts of the Champagne wine region through its Wineries in Champagne, which is the best way to discover why these wines are so exclusive and how they are made!
Named as the Kings’ city, an important number of Carolingian and Capetian kings were crowned on the Notre-Dame Cathedral place during more than ten centuries. The Notre-Dame Cathedral together with the Tau Palace and the old Saint-Remi Abbey are registered to the UNESCO World Heritage as the outstanding handling of new architectural techniques in the 13th century.
Discover other monuments like the Saint-Remi Basilica, the Mumm wine cellar which became a cultural place, the Roman Mars Gate and so on.
Epernay – The Capital of Champagne
In the heart of the Champagne region, Epernay benefits from the Champagne attraction to develop its local economy.
The city has a lovely architectural heritage which comes from its history. Known as the capital of Champagne, Epernay keeps a treasure in its undergrounds.
110 kilometres of cellars preserve more than 200 million bottles of Champagne. In 1729, the first Champagne house set up in Epernay, founded by Nicolas Ruinart who went into the production of sparkling wines. Followed by Moët & Chandon in 1743 and others over the years, the history of the internationally renowned Champagne started.
Situated in the Marne French department, Chalons-en-Champagne is the perfect destination to discover history, culture and nature with your family or friends.
Through its rich history, the city inherited numerous monuments as the Collegial Notre-Dame-en-Vaux registered in the UNESCO World Heritage, the Saint-Etienne Cathedral and the Sainte-Croix Gate built in 1769 and dedicated to Marie-Antoinette when she arrived in France. Discover also, the medieval wine cellars from the 12th and 15th centuries which prove the richness of the city during the medieval era.
The heart of the city centre forms a Champagne cork. Heritage from the medieval town, this was a good omen for the one which has become the most renowned wine in the World, produced around Troyes.
Known for its timbered houses from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Troyes is proud of its well-preserved heritage.
Counting an important number of monuments, the city offers a stay of discovery. From the Saint-Loup Abbey, the Saint-Martin-ès-Aires Abbey, the Saint-Urbain Basilica, the Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul Cathedral to its ten Churches, passing by other splendid monuments you will learn about this huge heritage.
Gastronomic Specialities of Champagne Wine Region
The gastronomy of the Champagne wine region, which is also known as Cuisine du Terroir (Cuisine of the land), perfectly matches to its wide range of Champagne wines.
The Story of the Andouillette de Troyes
This dish looks like a sausage but it mainly makes up with pork large intestine and stomach. The seasoning depends on the pork butcher. He can add onions, salt, pepper, spices and so on. After that, the preparation is stuffed in natural or industrial entrails. It’s cooked very slowly and for a long time in flavoured stock.
Its renown started during the 19th and 20th century and mainly consist of pure pork meat from the town Troyes.
Pied de Porc à la Sainte Menehould
An old recipe tasted by Charles 7 in 1435.
This local tradition comes from Sainte-Menehould, a little town located in Marne in the north-west of France. Cook the pig’s trotters in water with carrots, onions, garlic and so on for four hours. Then, when the pig’s trotters are cooled, they are breaded and cooked in a frying pan.
Les Biscuits Roses de Reims
created in 1690 by Champenois bakers and has been unmodified since its creation. Traditionally, people soak the biscuit into semi-dry Champagne or into red wine.
They wanted to use the heat of their oven after baking bread. So, they’ve created a batter which could bake twice. First, the biscuit bake in the oven and the second baking is when the oven turns off little by little. Originally, the biscuit was white, but they wanted to add vanilla flavour but the biscuit became darker. To reduce that colour, the bakers decided to use red natural dye: Carmin.
Le Bouchon de Champagne
Created in 1950 in a chocolate factory.
It imitates the real Champagne cork thanks to its form and its aluminium wrapping. It comprises dark chocolate hull filled with local eau de vie which can be replaced with praline.
Address: 46 Boulevard Charles de Gaulle, 51160 Ay, France
Menu: French, European, Local Food
La Grillade Gourmande
Address: 16 Rue de Reims, 51200 Épernay, France
Menu: French food, Entrances, Meats, Fish, Cheeses and Desserts
Specialty: Grilled Rib of Beef, Boneless Squab with Foie Gras
Le Grand Cerf Villers-Allerand
Address: 50 Route nationale, 51500 Villers-Allerand, France
Menu: French food
Specialties: Terrine de veau de lait et canard au foie gras
Where to stay in Champagne?
Hotel de la Paix à Reims
Address: 9 Rue Buirette, 51100 Reims, France
Facilities and services: Restaurant, Bar, Sauna
4 of 5 stars
Hotel Le Marius
Address: 2 Place de l’Église, 10340 Les Riceys, France
Facilities and services: Restaurant, Bar, Breakfast, Car park.
3 of 5 stars
Hotel Royal Champagne Hotel & Spa
Address: 9 Rue de la République – Hameau de, Rue de Bellevue, 51160 Champillon, France
Facilities and services: Restaurant, Spa, Personal Training, Pool
5 of 5 stars
The best wine bars in Champagne
Le Coq Rouge
Address: 67 Rue Chanzy, 51100 Reims, France
Wine menu: National wines
Atelier 1834 – Champagne Boizel
Address: 46 Avenue de Champagne, 51200 Épernay, France
Wine menu: Local French wines
Address: 9-11 Place Drouet d’Erlon, 51100 Reims, France
Wine menu: French wines
What to do in Champagne?
Visit Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Reims
Address: Place du Cardinal Luçon, 51100 Reims, France
Take a walk on Avenue de Champagne
Address: 5 Avenue de Champagne, 51200 Épernay, France
Visit Palais du Tau
Address: 2 Place du Cardinal Luçon, 51100 Reims, France
Most Frequently Asked Questions about Champagne Wine Region
1. Where is the Champagnewine region located?
The Champagne wine region is located on Frances Northeastern part, just 121 km from Paris.
This region produces the famous sparkling wines usually just called by the name Champagne.
2. What are the most famous sub-regions and appellations in Champagne?
Between the cities of Reims and Épernay lays the heart of the Champagne regions, where the main sub-regions are Montagne de Reims, Côte des Blancs, Côte de Sézanne, Vallée de la Marne, and Aube.
The region compraises the one appellation Champagne AOC.
3. What are the main grape varieties in Champagne?
The most important grapes of Champagne or “the big three” are Chardonnay, Pinot Meunier, and Pinot Noir.
4. What is the best wine to try in Champagne?
Incredible sparkling wines are made in Champagne, where round bubbles make crispy and refreshing sips. Look for Brut bottles to find the best Champagnes, the drink at the table of Oscar’s ceremonies and 007 action movies.
5. What is the capital of the Champagne region?
Épernay is its capital city of the Champagne wine region. The city is the start point on the wine journey of lots of travelers in Champagne.
Avenue de Champagne is the most famous street in Épernay, featuring famous Champagne manufacturers.
The Alsace region is known today as one of the most beautiful wine region in France, thanks to its valleys and amazing landscapes. On our website, book visits to beautiful wineries in Alsace and enjoy guided wine tasting and tour.
Known for its vibrant fruity red wines made from Gamay grapes ! You can experience amazing wine tasting and tour activities at the various wineries in Beaujolais . On our site you can read all about this regions to be prepared for your stay.
The region of Bordeaux gathered a large number of activities : enjoy your wine tour in one of the famous wine regions ! There are a big number of wineries in Bordeaux with wine tasting and tour activities that you can book easily via winetourism.com.
In Burgundy, wine is, before everything, an art de vivre. Visit Burgundy vineyard is a great experience for wine lovers. There are a big number of wineries in Burgundy with wine tasting and tour activities that you can book easily via winetourism.com.