Barsac appellation locates near Sauternes appellation in the south of Bordeaux, near the municipality of Langon and 65 km southeast far from the Bordeaux city, in the southern end of the Graves wine district. The area of production of the appellation is composed exclusively of the commune of Barsac, close to Sauternes, on the left bank of the river Ciron. Its AOC classified by the decree of September 11, 1936.
Barsac appellation vineyard covers an area of about 6 square kilometers. Only sweet wines can be made within the Barsac appellation; but dry white wines may be sold under the Graves label. The soil structure within the appellation varies widely: from limestone on the higher slopes (where the Crus Classés come from) to sand, clay, gravel and alluvial deposits.
Rolling hills and valleys are characteristic of this landscape. The cold water of both rivers provides cool morning dew followed by dry and sunny afternoons, perfect for the production of sweet wines. On the other hand, the Ciron river produces mist in the autumn, that falls on the area. This condition is conducive to the growth of the fungus, which desiccates the grape and concentrates the sugar inside.
The clay-limestone soil on which is planted a vineyard of Semillon, Sauvignon and Muscadelle white grapes, used for the production of sweet wines. The producers of Barsac having the right to benefit from the choice of the labels Barsac or Sauternes. Both Barsac and Sauternes appellations are the world-famous sweet wines of Bordeaux.
A part of important features of Barsac appellation for sweet white wines are as follows:
- Soil: Limestone.
- Wine color of Barsac is sweet white.
- Aromas: Powerful, round, nervy and elegant, with notes of honey, white peach, almond, oriental spices, mango, pineapple.
- Taste: Lively, nervy, generous, and powerful
- Aging potential: 3 – 15 years.
- Serving temperature: 9 to 12° C