With a View of the Azure Sea, Grapes Ripen for Croatia’s Best Wines
Croatia wine country is one of the most important wine producers on the Adriatic coast at the Balkan Peninsula. the country borders Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro. The history of the winemaking of Croatia wine country is connected to Ancient Greeks, who settled at the coast in the 5th century BC. The majority of wines produces in different Croatian wine regions are white, with most of the remainder being red and only a small amount of rosé wines. Croatian wine regions produce dry white wines from Grasevina grape variety together with rustic and full-bodied red wines from Malvasia.
Croatian Wine Regions
Winemaking takes place in three main Croatian wine regions: Eastern Continental, Western Continental, and Coastal. These wine regions are further divided into smaller wine sub-regions. The majority of high-quality wines come from coastal regions of Croatia wine country.
Croatian wine regions, that are stretching across almost the entire coastal area of the country, are the main wine producers. The Coastal region covers almost 530 kilometers of complex coastline as well as offshore islands. The grape varieties Malvasia and Refosk together with famous Teran are dominating these territories. Teran grape variety is developing on the karst soils of the region in combination with the terra rossa soils that can often be seen in the Mediterranean. This variety produces fruity wines with a deep dark red color, which is why they are also called Sangue del Carso (Carser blood) in Friuli. There are also international grape varieties such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Gris, and Riesling.
Istria – The Center of Orange Wines
Istria is one of the ancient Croatian wine regions that spans the westernmost part of the country and the coastal tip of southern Slovenia. Istrian wine is still largely undiscovered by international wine lovers and it still stays a well-kept secret of Croatia wine country.
Istria is considered a stronghold of biodynamics and orange wine. Orange wine, which is also known as amber wines is produced from white grape varieties with the berry skin contact. Consequently, this way juice extracts more tannins and colors from the skin. Orange wine is characterized by a dark yellow to orange color and is usually somewhat turbid.
Red wine from the Babic variety is mainly produced in the north of Dalmatia. It produces velvety, spicy red wines. In Central and South Dalmatia, the red wines are primarily made from the Plavac Mali variety and are often sweet. There are also niches with unknown, local grape varieties that create wines with their own personality. For exempla on the island Vis the white Vugava, which has similarities to Viognier, on Hvar the fragrant Bogdanusa or Korcula the white grape variety Grk.
Dalmatian Coast is home to some of the finest wines of Croatia wine country. Visit the region to discover golden-sandy beaches, breathtaking landscapes with hillside vineyards, and boutique wineries.
On the image: Kairos winery, one of our partners from Dalmatian Coast, Croatia wine country
The Continental Hinterland
Northeastern Croatia is a stronghold for white wines. Here, in the continental, warm climate, full, mature white wines grow up. A lot of Welschriesling (here: Grasevina), but also Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Riesling (here: Rajnski Rizling) as well as the flowery Gewürztraminer. Blaufränkisch is the most widespread among red wines, which play a subordinate role here.