Serbia is a relatively young state (it was part of Yugoslavia until 1992 and officially independent from 2006) but its history of wine-making dates back to the Roman times. Serbia is a landlocked country, however vineyards profit from fertile diversified soil and the presence of the Velika Morava River. The Serbia wine country develops all along this river that runs from the northern areas to the southern areas of the Balkan country.
Glance at the Sebian Wine History
As said, the Romans ‘established’ the Serbia wine country, but it was only under the Nemanjic dynasty that viticulture became an important economic sector. When Serbia was part of Yugoslavia, viticulture was at its peak and the state was among the top-ten producers in the world. The Serbia wine country saw a sudden decline in production and export when Yugoslavia fell into pieces.
It took several years and a lot of hard work to get the wine-making tradition back on track. Today, Serbian wine is mostly sold inside the country and only 5% is exported, mainly to neighboring countries.
Wine Tourism in Serbia
Wine tourism in Serbia mainly functions around wine tastings and tours of cellars and wineries in the various wine regions. To attract more wine connoisseurs and enthusiasts to the Serbia wine country, since 2010 there is a big international wine fair in Belgrade, called Beo Wine Fair.
Serbian Wine Regions
There are 9 major Serbian wine regions that are further divided into smaller sub-zones. Vojvodina wine region, Central Serbia wine region and Kosovo wine region are the most productive in the country.
Vojvodina wine region and Central Serbia wine region are the opposite when it comes to soil, landscape, and climate, as the first one is in the Pannonian Plain and the second in the middle of the Western Balkans mountain range.
The Kosovo wine region, differently from the other wine regions that were always kept alive throughout the years, was abandoned because of the Kosovan war. However, it successively became productive again and is now Serbia’s main maker of Pinot Noir.
65% of the Serbia wine country vineyards are planted with white grapes, among which the most common is the native variety called Smederevka. The Smederevka wine is produced in large quantities and, as a result, it lacks a bit in quality; indeed, it is often blended with Laski Riesling, and the final product is a light and acid white wine. Other white grapes grown and processed in Serbian wine regions are Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc.
As far as red wines, the most planted native grape is Prokupac. This variety is used to create a, strangely, ruby-coloured rosé.