Largest White Wine Appellation in France
AOC Muscadet is a dry white wine sub-region. This appellation wines made from Burgundy grape variety. Its vineyards stretch over 31 square kilometers from Ancenis to Pornic, in three departments of Pays Nantais. This appellation and its production area are now recognized as a wine-growing sub-region of the Loire Valley, France. The climate is the temperate oceanic type, with a reduced temperature range between seasons. The amount of sunshine varies significantly from year to year, which dramatically influences the vintages’ quality. In 2009, the harvest yielded an average of 19,100,000 liters of wine classified as AOC Muscadet. The soils of Nantes’ vineyards are mainly made up of gneiss, mica schists, and green rocks. They retain little water due to their depth and texture and have good warming capabilities. It is at full maturity that the harvest takes place.
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The juice stays for 48 hours in the reception tank to extract the must to leave only the mud. The fermentation, which lasts 3 to 4 weeks, starts naturally when the clear juices are transferred to winemaking tanks maintained at a temperature below 20 ° C. Once the alcoholic fermentation is complete, the wines can claim the mention “on lees” if they rested on their fine lees, up to 14 months maximum, or more for exceptional cuvées, and that they have passed only one winter in vats.
Crisp and Dry Wines From Melon de Bourgogne
This particular vinification makes Muscadet a complex wine, fat, and with a beautiful volume in the mouth. The aromas of citrus (lemon) fresh and nervous in the mouth and know-how to agree perfectly with the crustaceans and local seafood.
The Muscadet appellation, officially was born in 1937, contains three regional sub-appellations: Muscadet-Sèvre et Maine, established in 1936, Muscadet-Coteaux de la Loire, established in 1936, Muscadet-Côtes de Grandlieu, established in 1994.
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A part of the important features of Muscadet appellation for dry white wines are as follows:
- Soil: Gneiss, mica schists, and green rocks.
- Taste: Complex.
- Wine color: White.
- Aromas: Citrus (lemon) fresh and nervous.
- Aging potential: 1 – 2 years.
- Serving temperature: 10 to 12° C
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