AOC Jurançon delimits a 10 square kilometers vineyards area located on the foothills of the Pyrenean foothills south-west of Pau, southwest France. It designates whites only, soft or dry, this second category being the object of a distinct name “Jurançon sec”.
The slopes of Jurançon, located in terraces, take full advantage of an oceanic micro climate with the characteristic softness and precipitation, but swept by waves of hot and dry air (the effect of foehn). The vineyards best exposed, located on the top of the valleys, are favored for the production of soft wines because they combine all the climatic qualities of the terroirs of this appellation.
Only unexpected frosts of spring are to be feared. The clay-limestone soils (loaded with various minerals), and stony (with filtering properties) play a determining role in the evolution of the vine and the flavors it transmits to the wines of this appellation. After a sufficient maturation of the small manseng, big manseng and courbu, the grape harvests are made by successive tries of “noble” grains. The grapes, the most roasted and golden by the sun (the pedicure is almost systematic) are selected manually and then stored in boxes until the vinification phase. The Jurançon young wines are sweet wines deliciously flavored, with major notes of peach, pear, white flowers, honey. More mature, they develop scents of dried fruit (toasted almond) and truffle. The grape varieties of Jurançon appellation are Gros Manseng, Petit Manseng and Courbu.
A part of important features of Jurançon appellation for white wines are as follows:
- Soil: Clay-limestone.
- Taste: Soft.
- Wine color: White.
- Aromas: Notes of peach, pear, white flowers, honey.
- Aging potential: 1 – 6 years.
- Serving temperature: 10 to 12° C