The AOC Madiran extends the vineyards of 12 square kilometers straddling three departments: the Gers, the Hautes-Pyrénées and the Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in Southwestern France. The vineyards, which merges with the AOC Pacherenc du Vic-Bihl, are very old and dates from the Gallo-Roman era as one of the old French wine regions. Wine reference pilgrimages of Santiago de Compostela, it is still one of the most famous wines of the Southwest region, with an average annual production of 6,560,000 liters, red wine only. The climate of the region is under the oceanic influence of the Atlantic.
The winters are mild, and the rainfall is generally well distributed until the arrival of summer, hot and particularly sunny on the western foothills of the Pyrenees which shelter in southwestern exposure the vines dedicated to the production of Madiran.
The soils composed mainly of limestone, clay and silica, constitute a pleasant medium environment for red grape varieties dedicated to the production of AOC Madiran. Its ruby and dark red wines (almost black at times!) Come mainly from the tannat (present obligatorily from 40 to 60% in the assemblages) as well as Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon and more locally from the iron servadou. Mostly bred in vats, Madiran wines are very well structured and so tannic that they must spend at least 12 months in cellar before being marketed. Both cabernets bring their roundness and complementary aromas in the mouth. Good wine of guard, its tannins round out with the years, letting appear more spicy aromas with notes of roasting and black fruits.
A part of important features of Madiran appellation for red wines are as follows:
- Soil: Limestone, clay and silica.
- Taste: Powerful.
- Wine color: Red, ruby and dark red wines (almost black at times!).
- Aromas: Spicy aromas with notes of roasting and black fruits.
- Aging potential: 1 – 8 years.
- Serving temperature: 14 to 16° C