The Pouilly vineyards date back to the 5th century in Gallo-Roman times. It subsequently enjoyed great growth, thanks to the Benedictines. In the twelfth century, the wine of Pouilly is already very famous. It will not stop prospering until 1890, when phylloxera appears. At the beginning of the XXth century, the vineyard knows a new impetus, in particular in 1929 when the area of production is delimited.Then the wines of Pouilly regain their letters of nobility, which results in the obtaining of the appellation of Pouilly smoked in 1937 (or white-smoked Pouilly).
The Pouilly-Fumé vineyards area include seven parishes on the right bank of the Loire river, approximately in central of France. These run from Mesves-sur-Loire in the south to Saint-Martin-sur-Nohain, a few kilometers to the north. These villages are in Burgundy, although Pouilly-Fumé remains ‘Loire Valley’ wine, intrinsically.
The surface of the vineyards extends on 12 square kilometers, today, for an annual production of 7,000, 000 liters of dry white wines, around Pouilly-sur-Loire in the Nièvre, in France. The wine is made exclusively from Sauvignon Blanc, a variety whose clusters are formed of small ovoid grains. It is attributed to the notion of “smoked” because the aromas and bouquet have this characteristic recognizable among all wines.
The climate of this appellation is moderate temperate oceanic with marl and clay with flints soil condition.
A part of important features of Pouilly-Fumé appellation for dry white wines are as follows:
- Soil: Marl and clay with flints.
- Taste: Soft.
- Wine color: White.
- Aromas: Notion of “smoked”.
- Aging potential: 1 – 6 years.
- Serving temperature: 10 to 12° C