The AOC Cahors is located in the Lot department and covers 40.50 square kilometers of vineyards between Cahors and Soturac, Southwestern France. Dubbed the “black wine”, Cahors is a red wine with a worldwide reputation, with a dress so dark that it looks black. And as the saying goes: “If you see your fingers through the wine dress, then it’s not Cahors.”
The vines are mainly planted on flat surfaces at the top of the limestone plateaux bordering the meandering Lot Valley (on both banks). The vineyards also overflow the steep and better exposed slopes of the valley, formed by the ancient alluvial terraces of the river composed of various pebbles, quartz, gravel and sand. The Cadurcian climate comes from an oceanic and Mediterranean blend. Precipitation is well distributed throughout the year and the temperatures are mild, but the soil enjoys a regular and remarkable sunshine during hot summers very favorable to the maturity of the grapes and the power developed by the Cahors.
The production of nearly 20,000,000 liters of wine in each year, exclusively in red wine, is based around auxerrois (or cot, or malbec), the typical grape variety of the Cahors vineyard. It is accompanied by merlot and tannat in the blends. Cahors wines have body, are structured and well structured. They remain soft with well-coated tannins. If the aromas offered by Cahors are very varied depending on whether they come from terraces or trays, the red fruit notes are the most common: cherry, raspberry, currants, blackcurrant …
The texture is dense, rich and velvety, the mouth alternating between nuances of vanilla and licorice, which bring to these powerful wines a very nice balance. The great wines of Cahors are elegant wines that have size, volume and a good length. The AOC Cahors indirectly suffers from the competition of neighboring Bordeaux, the winemakers too often trying to imitate the big Bordeaux, forgetting the singularity yet so rich Cahors, and their personality from the auxerrois and local methods.
A part of important features of Cahors appellation for red wines are as follows:
- Soil: Limestone.
- Taste: Rich and velvety.
- Wine color: Red (so dark).
- Aromas: red fruit notes are the most common: cherry, raspberry, currants, blackcurrant.
- Aging potential: 2 – 20 years.
- Serving temperature: 14 to 16° C