The Saint-Émilion Grand Cru appellation is located in the Libournais on the Right-Bank of the Dordogne and gives its name to two appellations: Saint-Emilion and Saint-Emilion Grand Cru. To carry the grand cru label, the production conditions are stricter than that of the Saint-Emilion AOC. Saint-Émilion-Grand-Cru covers about 42 square kilometers of calcareous, clay-loamy and sandy soils.
Merlot dominates the blends of this AOC, but Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon are also vinified. The classification of grands crus, established in 1855 and revised every 10 years, distinguishes two categories of growth: the first classified growths (A and B) and the classified grands crus. The Saint-Émilion-Grand-Cru appellation includes two grands crus A, Château Ausone and Château Cheval Blanc as well as 11 grands crus classés B.
The mouth of these wines is full-bodied, fleshy and well-structured, on a fine tannin weave and tight quality.
The finish is long, fresh with an aromatic richness of red fruits.
A part of important features of Saint-Emilion Grand Cru appellation for red wines are as follows:
- Soil: Clay-loamy and sandy soils with alluvial gravel deposits.
- Taste: Powerful structure with silky, very finely woven tannins.
- Wine color: red.
- Aromas: Concentrated notes of small red fruit, fig, cooked prune, rose, peony, and toasted almond.
- Aging potential: 5 – 30 years.
- Serving temperature: 15 to 17° C