The AOC Gaillac extends north-east of Toulouse on the vineyards area of ​​39 square kilometers spread around Gaillac, on both sides of the Tarn, Southwestern France. Due to the variety of soils and the particular climatic conditions, the appellation offers a very complete range of wines: red, rosé, dry, pearly, sweet or sparkling wines.

It is located on the eastern edge of the Aquitaine Basin, the vineyards of Gaillac benefit from a micro climate characterized by the oceanic sweetness during the year, the little precipitation in summer and autumn (retained on the massifs surrounding the zone), and the wind mediterranean d’autan which, with the effect of foehn, positively dries the vineyards.

Three categories of soils are distinguished: terraces covering the acidic alluvial plains of the south of the vineyard, molassic hillsides with clay-limestone soils in the center, and a limestone plateau for the northern part.

Many grape varieties are used to promote the richness of these soils: local grape varieties (duras, baucol, local name of servadou iron, mauzac, en el, ondenc) or more common in the south-west (merlots, 2 Cabernets, Syrah and Gamay, Muscadelle, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon). The baucol for the reds, the mauzac and the el for the whites, remain the references of the AOC Gaillac. The majority of red wines today are very varied and contain very good wines. The robust, warm wines, with a powerful nose and a deep robe, reflect the most typical Gaillac terroirs. In white wines, there are dry acids with delicate and nuanced aromas of citrus and white flowers, but also very fresh pearling wines with a characteristic tingle (bottled before the end of the fermentation), and a Gaillac of yellow type, rarer, but the most authentic of this vineyard. “Sweet” or “sparkling” can be added to the Gaillac AOC.

They group together the white wines of these categories that are produced on the territory of the appellation. There is also a specific appellation, AOC Gaillac Premières Côtes, which identifies a very local and qualitative production of fluffy white wines. Finally, rosés, obtained by bleeding, are light and fruity.

 

A part of important features of Gaillac appellation for red wines are as follows:

 

  • Soil: Limestone and clay-limestone.
  • Taste: Balanced.
  • Wine color: Red.
  • Aromas: Powerful nose and a deep robe.
  • Aging potential: 2 – 10 years.
  • Serving temperature: 14 to 16° C

 

A part of important features of Gaillac appellation for rose wines are as follows:

 

  • Soil: Limestone and clay-limestone.
  • Taste: Soft.
  • Wine color: Rose.
  • Aromas: Powerful nose and a deep robe.
  • Aging potential: 1 – 6 years.
  • Serving temperature: 9 to 11° C

 

A part of important features of Gaillac appellation for white wines are as follows:

 

  • Soil: Limestone and clay-limestone.
  • Taste: Light.
  • Wine color: White.
  • Aromas: Fruity.
  • Aging potential: 1 – 6 years.
  •  Serving temperature:  10 to 12° C

Region Highlights

Surface: About 39 Square Kilometers
Classification: AOP Gaillac
Grapes: Sauvignon, Semillon, Muscadelle, Merlot, Cabernets, Syrah, Gamay and Muscadelle.
Types of Wines: White Wine, Rose Wine, Red Wine, Sparkling Wine, Sweet Wine

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