Travel Guide to Alsace Wine region

Alsace wine region boasts beautiful hilly vineyards and stretches along the Rhine river in the north-east of France. 51 vineyards, each with their own designated Grand Cru appellation, are dispersed in two sub-regions, The Bas-Rhin and the Haut-Rhin. These areas are quite diverse and they are home to noble, aromatic grape varieties producing floral and peachy white wines.

famouse Route des Vins Alsace
Famous wine route in Alsace, France

Five reasons why you should visit the Alsace wine region!

1. It is home to one of the most aromatic wines.

2. Wine route of Alsace – it is one of the most picturesque wine routes, starting near Strasbourg and ending just south of Colmar.

3. Picturesque towns and villages with half-timbered houses, which makes you feel in a fairytale.

4. Its cultural diversity – Alsace wine region has a beautiful fusion of German and French cultures expressed in architecture, gastronomy and
even in wines.

5. Last, but not least – Landscapes! Landscapes! Landscapes!

The first vineyards here appeared thanks to Romans!

The Alsace wine region has exceptional conditions for viticulture. The Climate is dry, and the vines benefit from very good sun exposure. This terroir attracted the Romans and they decided to plant the first vines in the area.

Where is The Alsace Wine Region Located?

Alsace wine region is located in the northeast part of France on the border with Germany and Switzerland. To the west, Alsace region has Champagne and Burgund wine region and to the south, Jura and Savoie. Located on the borders of Switzerland and Germany, the Alsace wine region benefits from an ideal location in the heart of Europe. This also had an influence on the heritage, gastronomy and even on the wines of Alsace. It is a great mix of German and French culture.

Kayserberg, Alsace wine region, France

Briefly about History

At the beginning of the 13th century, there were more than a hundred wine-making villages in Alsace. During this period, wines were exported all over Europe. However, the Thirty Years War in Central Europe ruined the villages and vineyards. Nevertheless, even if the trade was difficult at this time, some villages have been rebuilt and they have grown wine production.

Since 1962, the Alsace is officially an A.O.C and it is known as one of the most beautiful wine regions in France with its cultural diversity, charming villages and breathtaking vineyard landscapes.

Let’s Dive in Alsatian Wines and Culture!

Two Distinct Sub-Regions

Alsace wine region occupies 15600 hectares of land which is further divided into two sub-regions:

  • The Haut-Rhin stretches along the Vosges, between Sélestat in the north and Thann in the South.
  • The Bas-Rhin extends from Strasbourg to Sélestat.

They share the production of the 51 grand crus, 33 in the Haut-Rhin and 18 in the Bas-Rhin. Alsace wines enjoy exceptional diversity because of the diverse terroirs of these two sub-regions.

What’s The Alsacatian Wine Like?

In Alsace, the majority of the wines (90%) are white.

Alsace wines are known for its elegance, finesse and aromatic characteristics;
They are floral and spicy;
They are pure and expressing varietal character.

Alsatian wines are produced under 3 appellations(AOC): Alsace, Alsace Grand Cru and Crémant d’Alsace

Each appellation has rules that each winemaker should follow. For the AOC Alsace Grand Cru, only 4 grape varieties are allowed (Riesling, Muscat, Pinot Gris and Gewurztraminer), while there is no restriction for the AOC Alsace. It is common that a producer produces a broad range of white wines with different level of sugar, from dry to sweet wines. In Crémant d’Alsace, they produce some nice bubbly wines with the traditional method.


TIP!

Don’t miss harvest experience at The Rieflé-Landmann winery! They are committed to using organic methods and only harvest by hand.

Alsace Grand Crus – Superior Wines and Vineyards

What does Grand Cru mean?

/ɡrɒ̃ ˈkruː,French ɡʀɑ̃ kʀy/
 “A wine of the most superior grade, or the vineyard which produces it.”

The number of Grand Crus make Alsace wine region unique among other regions of France. A whopping 51 Grand Crus come under only 3 appellations and wine from one grand cru will taste different than a wine produced in another Grand Cru!

About the Aromatics of Alsace Grapes

Alsace is home to the main noble aromatic grapes such as Riesling, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Sylvaner and Gewürztraminer. However, they also left a plot of land for Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris which is actually a “grey” mutated grape variety, used to produce white wine.

Each of the grape variety has its own peculiarity and its own aromas. Nevertheless, some of them are more aromatic and remarkable for their flavours and aromas.

Lil’ Story: Not all the grapes are the same! Some are better in producing aromas and floral notes. what makes aromatic grape variety aromatic, is a little chemical compound called “terpenes” which is more in these grapes. To say it with the simpler language, “terpenes” are responsible for smells and aromas in plants and the reason why roses smell like roses.

Riesling gives floral bouquet and mineral hints when Gewürztraminer is more full-bodied and has intense aromas of flowers, spices and fruit.


The entry of the new building of winery at Domaine Bott Frères

TIP!

Domaine Bott Frères produces fine wines from 18 ha of vineyards that has plots in different Grand Crus.

Book your wine experience, learn about the whole process of winemaking and taste premium quality wines!

Wineries with Open Cellar Door

Many wineries in the Alsace wine region welcome visitors, both for cellar door sales and wine tastings & tour activities.

Wineries in Alsace offer a big diversity of experiences, starting with wine tasting and harvest experience finished with a bike tour along the breathtaking vineyards.

You definatelly don’t want to miss to visit these wineries in Alsace!


Pair your Glass of Wine With Alsatian Cuisine

When visiting the wine region of Alsace, it makes sense to enjoy the food paired with the exceptional wines of the region.

Eating in Alsace is like tasting both French and German cuisine and something else, which is a beautiful mix of these two.

Choucroute d’Alsace. Is It Very Sour?

Alsatians are specialists in the preparation of sour cabbage which is known as Choucroute here. They serve it with sausages and other charcuterie.

Originally, this dish is from Germany and Eastern Europe but it also became popular in France in the middle of the 16th century. Today, the recipe is famous in the region, accompanied by a wide range of Alsatian charcuterie products and regional wines, of course!

Pinot Noir rosé of  Cave Vinicole de Cleebourg would be a nice companion for this dish.

Baeckeoffe – Vegetable Combo with Meat

Baeckeoffe is a traditional dish of Alsatian cuisine, based on vegetables and assortment of lamb, beef and pork. The particularity of this dish is that the ingredients are stewed for over 24 hours in a terrine with spices and white wine from the Alsace vineyard. Its name means the baker’s oven in Alsatian.

In fact, traditionally, the house lady placed the large terrine of Baeckoffe at the bakers by going to mass. The three types of meat of this dish represent the Alsatian religious traditions: beef for the Catholic religion, pork for the Protestant and lamb for the Jewish.

Match Baeckeoffe with full-bodied and round Pinot Gris or complex, aromatic and refreshing Riesling from Vins Schoenheitz.

Flammekueche – Alsatian Pizza

Flammekueche

The recipe that has peasant origins is a famous speciality from the Alsace wine region. It is composed of thin bread dough, generally of rectangular shape. Then, it is covered with a mixture of thick cream and cottage cheese, bacon, onions and seasoned with salt and pepper.

Peasants used to bake Flammekueche in the oven when it was still too hot to bake the bread but the temperature was ideal for Flammekueche.

Marry this dish with refreshing Pinot Blanc from Wunsch et Mann winery.

Bredele – Alsatian Christmas biscuits

In the Alsace, Christmas is a very important period of the year. Indeed, Alsatians have the tradition to cook Christmas cookies: the Bredele. Even if the legend tells that the Bredele has always existed, the first proof of their existence dates from 1570. The moulds used for their manufacture date back to this date.

They prepare Bredele in different shapes and flavours. It could be stars, Christmas trees, reindeer…and have flavours gingerbread, anise, cinnamon, the possibilities are limitless! They are traditionally eaten with Alsatian mulled wine.

Choose Vins Becker’s Pinot Noir to prepare mulled wine for your Christmas Bredele.


Want to Get a Bit Romantic?

Alsatian towns and villages are perfect places for romantic getaway with their canals, bridges and half-timbered houses.

Even if Alsace is a very small region, the region has several cities and village worthwhile to stop by. Below we highlight some places, we think well represent Alsace as a region.

Strasbourg – The European Capital of the Alsace Region

Strasbourg is a lively and dynamic city.  Its dynamism is highly appreciated by visitors. Indeed, the town is one of the cities that offers the most cultural activities. Besides, there are a lot of museums, concerts and music festivals. Furthermore, Strasbourg has a world-renowned heritage: the “Grande île”, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

“La Petit France” quarter is a favourite place for visitors because of its very particular architecture of half-timbered houses, canals, and bridges. Admire its historical monuments, cathedrals, the house Kammerzell and many more. You will love discovering Strasbourg by walk or bike! To go from the city out to the wineries does not take long, so it is not a problem to combine cultural activities with wine tasting and tours during your trip to Strasbourg.

Colmar –  Little Venice in Alsace Wine Land

Colmar is a lovely town with half-timbered medieval and early Renaissance buildings. Definitely, one of the most romantic towns in the Alsace wine region. However, not only its architecture is delightful here, but also its environment. Colmar is considered both as the Little Venice of Alsace and as the kingdom of Alsace wines.

The name Little Venice is due to its canals of Launch River. This district begins behind the Koïffhus and goes through the fish market dock. Come discover the charms of the historic city centre. Colmar is a must step for discovering the sweetness of life in Alsace!

Colorful timber houses of Colmar, Alsace wine region, France

Kaysersberg – The Village That Looks Like Postcard


Kaysersberg is a wonderful village with many assets, especially, remarkable architectural heritage with its narrow streets, colourful timbered houses and 16th-century fortified bridge. The town is located in a valley surrounded by vineyards and forested hills.


Kaysersberg Village, Alsace, France

If you have the chance to go there during the winter season, you will enjoy an authentic Christmas market. This unique medieval town has a great location surrounded by vineyards, which makes it ideal to discover the wines of the Alsace region.

The Lovely Riquewihr – “The Pearl of Alsatian Vineyard”

Between the Vosges’ crests and the Alsace plains, there is Riquewihr, an outstanding medieval town. Riquewihr is ranked among the most beautiful villages of France. For centuries, this magnificent place marries the quality of its architecture to the quality of its wines. In fact, Riquewhir is one of Alsace’s must-visit places.

Riquewihr in the heart of the Alsatian vineyards, Alsace, France
Riquewihr in the heart of the Alsatian vineyards, Alsace, France

If you appreciate authenticity, you will love to explore the village. Whether for its half-timbered houses or for its museums, the city will charm you with its unique aspect.


Share about Alsace wine region:

Region Highlights

Surface: 15600
Wineries: 4200
Soil: limestone, clay-limestone, marl, clay-marl, limestone-marl, granitic, schistose, sandstone, loess and lehms soils, alluvial soils
Climate: Semi-continental

Selected wineries in Alsace

Alsace Gilbert Ruhlmann Fils
Come and explore the wine heritage of Alsace Gilbert Ruhlmann Son
Cave Vinicole de Cleebourg
A winery produces a range of typical Alsatian wines.
Domaine Aimé Stentz
The Alsace wine from an organic domain with a long family history.
Domaine Bott Frères
7 generations of know-how and traditions, now pair with the new technologies and an environmental philosophy

Wine tastings & tours in Alsace

Amazing wine tasting and tour at Etienne Simonis
Learn more about the biodynamics producing during you wine tasting and tour at Etienne Simonis
Blind tasting at Domaine Jean-Baptiste Adam
Come and play with the different aromas of Alsatian wines.
Cottage at Domaine Bott-Geyl
To stay one night or more with family or friends Domaine Bott-Geyl
Ecotourism experience in 2020 at Vins Becker
Ecotourism experience in 2020 at Vins Becker

Other Wine Regions in France

Beaujolais
Known for its vibrant fruity red wines made from Gamay grapes ! You can experience amazing wine tasting and tour activities at the various wineries in Beaujolais . On our site you can read all about this regions to be prepared for your stay.
Bordeaux
The region of Bordeaux gathered a large number of activities : enjoy your wine tour in one of the famous wine regions ! There are a big number of wineries in Bordeaux with wine tasting and tour activities that you can book easily via winetourism.com.
Burgundy
In Burgundy, wine is, before everything, an art de vivre. Visit Burgundy vineyard is a great experience for wine lovers. There are a big number of wineries in Burgundy with wine tasting and tour activities that you can book easily via winetourism.com.
Champagne
Renowned in the entire World, Champagne is part of the most remarkable wine regions of France. You can experience amazing wine tasting and tour activities at the various wineries in Champagne . On our site you can read all about this regions to be prepared for your stay.

Map of Wineries in Alsace wine region

Discover the long wine tradition of Alsace and discover some of the best wineries in this region

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List of Wineries in Alsace wine region

Alsace Gilbert Ruhlmann Fils
Cave Vinicole de Cleebourg
Domaine Aimé Stentz
Domaine Bott Frères
Domaine Bott-Geyl
Domaine Eblin-Fuchs
Domaine Huber et Bléger
Domaine Maurice Schueller
Domaine Rieflé-Landmann
Domaine Roland Schmitt
Domaine Schmitt-Carrer
Domaine Schwach François et Fils
Domaine Sick-Dreyer
Domaine Sylvie Fahrer & Fils
Etienne Simonis
Frey-Sohler
Jean Wach & Fils
Jean-Baptiste Adam
Kientz René Fils
La Cave des Vignerons de Pfaffenheim
La cave du vieil Armand
Vignoble Klur
Vins Becker
Vins Schoenheitz
Wunsch & Mann